Solar panels on the upper deck of the W&L parking garage offset energy consumption, but do not generate enough power to fully match campus electricity usage. Courtesy of W&L.

Washington and Lee University has completed a deal to purchase enough solar energy to match 100% of the university’s annual electricity consumption.

The long-term virtual power purchase agreement, which has been several years in the making, establishes a partnership between W&L and solar energy developer SunEnergy1, which will build, own and operate a 17-megawatt offsite solar farm in North Carolina. W&L will purchase 11 megawatts from the farm, which is equivalent to 100% of campus electricity use. The deal, which was facilitated in partnership with advisory firm CustomerFirst Renewables, allows the university to significantly lower its greenhouse gas emissions, reduce long-term energy cost uncertainty, and accelerate progress to meet its goal of carbon neutrality by 2050, according to a release from the school.

Washington and Lee University signed the American Colleges and University Presidents’ Climate Commitment in 2007 and established a long-term Climate Action Plan in 2010, which was updated in 2019. A particular focus on reducing campus energy consumption, which represents the biggest portion of the campus carbon footprint, according to the school.

“We are very proud of the progress we’ve made on our sustainability initiatives in recent years,” said W&L President William C. Dudley in a statement. “Thanks to the leadership of Steve McAllister and Jane Stewart, the good work of our university facilities staff and the guidance of the University Sustainability Committee, we have consistently surpassed the original targets outlined in our Climate Action Plan. This new partnership will significantly advance our commitment to attaining carbon neutrality, and we look forward to making further progress through a thoughtful review of purchasing, transportation and sustainable office and living practices.”

Over the last decade, W&L has reduced campus greenhouse gas emissions by 42%, the school said. The new solar purchase will cover all emissions associated with campus electricity, bringing that reduction to 63%. Sustainability work at W&L has also saved dollars; today, the university spends $1 million less on utilities than it did in 2007 — despite the expansion of the physical campus.

Steve McAllister, W&L’s vice president for finance, said the new solar project is anticipated to generate a net present value gain of $1.8 million over the next 20 years, effectively setting the energy production costs for W&L’s electricity purchase for the next two decades at a level currently below the market rate.

“I can say that in my 20 years as the vice president for finance, this is the most significant agreement that I have had the privilege to enter into,” McAllister said in a statement.

W&L began with two solar arrays on campus – one on the roof of Lewis Hall and one on the parking deck. A third, on the student pavilion, has since been added. Although significant, especially for a small institution, those arrays have a capacity of roughly 575 kilowatts of energy per year, not nearly enough to meet the university’s annual electricity needs, the school said.

Virginia utility market regulations prohibit retail customers from generating more than three megawatts of renewable energy per year on-site, so building more on-site arrays – already a difficult proposition because of land constraints – was not a viable solution to meet total campus needs. But a presentation at the 2016 Higher Education Climate Leadership Summit, followed by consultation with experts and significant research, inspired Stewart to explore a possible solution by way of the deregulated wholesale energy market, the school said. She found that W&L could purchase renewable energy that is fed into the regional power grid, from which the state’s electricity utilities, including Dominion Energy and Appalachian Power, pull. With an adequately sized purchase, W&L could match the full annual campus usage.

Finding a location for a solar farm required significant work, as well. W&L leaders wanted to avoid clearing forested land or negatively impacting native flora and fauna, and they wanted to ensure support from the community around the site, the school said. In addition, the school said it felt right to find a solar farm in W&L’s own region to help advance the local renewable energy market.

The final location was found just over the Virginia-North Carolina border in Hertford, North Carolina, which is in the same market region as W&L. The project will be built on former farmland in a region that has embraced solar development. The array, sited on more than 100 acres of land, will generate enough renewable energy to avoid emissions equivalent to electricity consumed by 2,800 U.S. homes. “Our goal was to try and neutralize Scope 2 emissions by 2029, and this will do that in one fell swoop,” Stewart said in a statement. Scope 2 emissions are greenhouse gas emissions associated with purchased energy.

In siting the array, Stewart said, the goal is to add pollinator-friendly plants and landscaping.